In Ontario, licensed paralegals are authorized to act as representatives in any and all matters falling within the jurisdiction of the Small Claims Court.
Actions brought in what is called the Small Claims Court occur in the Superior Court of Justice. Accordingly, what is known as the Small Claims Court is actually somewhat of a misnomer. It is perhaps better to think of the Small Claims Court as a civil litigation court department assigned to handle a subset of cases involving claims for compensation up to $25,000 per Plaintiff plus legal costs and interest. Another difference is that cases brought in the Small Claims Court are usually heard by Deputy Judges. The Deputy Judges are lawyers with at least ten years experience who are appointed to act as part-time judges in the Small Claims Court. Still another key difference is that Small Claims Court cases are conducted in accordance to Rules of the Small Claims Court which are a trimmed down set of procedural rules that help ensure small claims cases progress expeditiously from beginning to end.
Although the Small Claims Court only handles the smaller claims brought to litigation, these lawsuits are still treated as very important - money matters are never truly 'small'. We also recognize that these claims can, and sometimes do, involve the same complex issues litigated in the unlimited court, regardless of the amount of the claim. Actions that may be heard by the Small Claims Court include, among other things:
Particulars Required Within Pleading Documents A legal action begins with a commencing document. In the Small Claims Court, the document that starts a...Learn More
Generally, the Rules of the Small Claims Court limit a costs award for reimbursement of legal fees paid to a qualified representative to fifteen (15%) percent...Learn More
Small Claims Court Is Not Simple Claims Court It is known as the Small Claims Court rather than the Simple Claims Court because litigation for sums of money...Learn More
The document disclosure processes of the Small Claims Court are often described as easy enough for a self-represented layperson without legal training;...Learn More
Relying Upon Hearsay Evidence Is Risky Strategy One of the best examples of 'hearsay', and multiple layered hearsay at that, involves the character Simone...Learn More
Basis of Calculation for Small Claims Court Costs Typically, with some exceptions, s. 29 of the Courts of Justice Act, R.S.O. 1990, c. ...Learn More
In Small Claims Court litigation, from time-to-time, two or more Plaintiffs were harmed by the same Defendant. Often the would-be plaintiffs speak...Learn More
Significant debate among legal practitioners often arises as to whether the Small Claims Court holds jurisdiction for claims brought seeking equitable...Learn More