Can a Tenant Be Evicted For Having a Dog?
A Ban On Pets Is Generally Unlawful. A Lease Clause Purporting As a Pet Ban Is Void. However, In Very Specific Situations a Pet Ban May Be Legal.
A Helpful Guide For How to Determine and Understand Whether a Pet Ban Is Legal and Enforceable
A lease clause purporting as a pet ban is unlawful and nullified for being contrary to section 14 of the Residential Tenancies Act, 2006, S.O. 2006, Chapter 17, which explicitly states that a pet ban is void. Accordingly, and despite that a tenant may have signed a lease containing such a clause, a 'pet ban' is generally unlawful and unenforceable. Specifically, the Residential Tenancies Act, 2006 states:
14 A provision in a tenancy agreement prohibiting the presence of animals in or about the residential complex is void.
With the above said regarding the section 14 provision within the Residential Tenancies Act, 2006 that voids a pet ban, a few exceptions to this rule do remain depending on specific circumstances. The exceptions that may allow for a pet ban are found in section 76 of the Residential Tenancies Act, 2006 where it is stated:
76 (1) If an application based on a notice of termination under section 64, 65 or 66 is grounded on the presence, control or behaviour of an animal in or about the residential complex, the Board shall not make an order terminating the tenancy and evicting the tenant without being satisfied that the tenant is keeping an animal and that,
(a) subject to subsection (2), the past behaviour of an animal of that species has substantially interfered with the reasonable enjoyment of the residential complex for all usual purposes by the landlord or other tenants;
(b) subject to subsection (3), the presence of an animal of that species has caused the landlord or another tenant to suffer a serious allergic reaction; or
(c) the presence of an animal of that species or breed is inherently dangerous to the safety of the landlord or the other tenants.
(2) The Board shall not make an order terminating the tenancy and evicting the tenant relying on clause (1) (a) if it is satisfied that the animal kept by the tenant did not cause or contribute to the substantial interference.
Accordingly, if a pet is causing damage to the property, or disruption and interference to others, a 'no pets' condition may be permitted. Additionally, if a municipal bylaw or other authority forbids the presence of pets, or if the tenancy is within a condominium corporation where the Condominium Declarations forbid the presence of pets, such may, and likely does, over rule the 'no pets' provision and the landlord may, and likely will, be successful in banning a pet.
A clause within a lease stating that a residential tenancy shall be without pets is void; however, there are exceptions whereas if the pet presents as a safety hazard or is substantially interfering in the reasonable enjoyment of others living within the residential complex, a landlord may apply to the Landlord Tenant Board for an Order that would, essentially, set aside the 'no pets' restriction and thereby ban a pet.