What Is the Law and Fine For Towing a Trailer With a Person Onboard?

Driving While Towing a House Trailer or Boat Trailer, Among Other Types, While a Person Is Inside Violates Section 188 of the Highway Traffic Act. Upon Conviction a Driver Is Subject to Penalties That Include a Fine In a Range From $60 to $1,000 Plus a Statutory Victim Surcharge and Court Cost As Well As Potential Insurance Rate Consequences.

Understanding the Highway Traffic Act Offence For Towing a Trailer With a Person Aboard Including Applicable Penalties

Large white SUV vehicle towing a camping trailer The law requires that all persons traveling are onboard the towing vehicle rather than inside a house trailer or boat trailer that is under tow as serious injury or death could arise in the event of an accident occurrence; and accordingly, a driver may be charged for permitting a person to ride inside a trailer that is under tow.

The Law

The law that forbids a driver from towing a house trailer or boat trailer while a person is inside the house trailer or boat trailer is prescribed by section 188 of the Highway Traffic Act, R.S.O. 1990, c. H.8.  For those found guilty of violating section 188, the details for the penalty upon conviction are prescribed by section 214(1) of the Highway Traffic Act whereas section 188 is actually silent, meaning absent, about the penalty details.  Within section 188 and section 214(1) of the Highway Traffic Act it is specifically stated:

Riding in house or boat trailers prohibited

188 No driver of a motor vehicle to which a house trailer or boat trailer is attached shall operate the motor vehicle on a highway if the trailer is occupied by any person.

General penalty

214 (1) Every person who contravenes this Act or any regulation is guilty of an offence and on conviction, where a penalty for the contravention is not otherwise provided for herein, is liable to a fine of not less than $60 and not more than $1,000.

Accordingly, per the general penalty stated within section 214(1), the fine for towing a house trailer or boat trailer with a person onboard is in a range from sixty ($60) dollars to one thousand ($1,000) dollars.  Additional penalties will include the statutory victim surcharge plus court cost.  Furthermore, a conviction may also have serious consequences to insurance rates.

Summary Comment

Driving with a person onboard a house trailer or boat trailer, among other trailers, presents a great risk of serious harm to that person in the event of an accident.  Accordingly, the law forbids doing so and imposes a fine of up to one thousand ($1,000) dollars upon a finding of guilty when a driver is charged for doing so.

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